107th anniversary of Çanakkale victory

Canakkale Victory Anniversary

March 18 is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left before the end of the year is 288.

Railways

  • March 18, 1920 The Strait of Geyve is destroyed by bridges and tunnels controlled by national forces. The railroad’s telegraph lines were cut.
  • March 18, 1967 Anadolu Express, passengers began to receive dive, sheets and pillows.

Olaylar

  • 235 – Roman Emperor Alexander Severus is assassinated by his own legion, and a 3rd century crisis begins that weakens the Empire.
  • 1299 – Holy Roman Emperor II. Frederick proclaims himself king of Jerusalem.
  • 1438-II. Albert becomes King of Germany.
  • 1635-IV. The Ottoman army under the command of Murad launched Revan’s campaign against the Safavid state.
  • 1799 – Napoleon arrives in front of the fortress of Akka, which was under the domination of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1850 – American Express is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo.
  • 1871 – The Paris Commune is founded.
  • 1913 – King George I of Greece is assassinated in Thessaloniki.
  • 1915 – Dardanelles naval operation: The United Navy is heavily damaged in the Dardanelles and withdraws.
  • 1918 – The liberation of Karayazı, Narman and Tekman from enemy occupation.
  • 1920 – The Ottoman Parliament holds its last meeting after the occupation of Istanbul and decides to suspend its work.
  • 1921 – The Treaty of Riga is signed between the USSR and the Second Polish Republic.
  • 1921 – The Mongolian People’s Army is created.
  • 1925 – 695 people died in a hurricane that hit three US states (Missouri, Illinois and Indiana).
  • 1926 – In the 6.9 magnitude earthquake that occurred in Finike, 27 people died.
  • 1926 – Papa Eftim establishes the independent Turkish Orthodox Patriarchate.
  • 1937 – A natural gas explosion at a school in New London, Texas kills 300 people, mostly children.
  • 1938 – Mexico nationalizes all foreign oil companies within its borders.
  • 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet at the Brenner Pass. Italy decides to go to war alongside Germany. On the same day, four years later, the Germans began their invasion of Hungary.
  • 1953 – 7.4 people died in the 265 magnitude earthquake that occurred in Gönen district in Balıkesir.
  • 1956 – France begins landing troops in Algeria.
  • 1962 – Algerian War of Independence: France reaches an agreement with the Algerian insurgents.
  • 1965 – Humanity walks in space for the first time. Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov left the Voskhod-II (Sunrise) spacecraft at an altitude of 2 kilometers from Earth for 177 minutes.
  • 1970 – In Cambodia, Lon Nol overthrows Prince Norodom Sihanouk.
  • 1971 – A landslide occurred on the slopes of Lake Yanawayin, Peru. The 30-meter waves that formed in the lake caused the death of 200 miners at the Cungar Mining Company (Cia Minera Chungar, SA) camp located on the beach.
  • 1971 – Mümtaz Soysal was detained and arrested by Ankara Martial Law Command.
  • 1974 – Pakistan’s deposed president, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, is sentenced to death for allegedly assassinating one of his opponents.
  • 1979 – Iranian armed forces bombed the city of Sine in eastern Iraq. More than 400 civilians were killed in the bombardment.
  • 1980 – The process leading to the September 12, 1980 coup in Turkey (1979 – September 12, 1980): In the clash that broke out during the funeral in Siverek, 5 people were killed and 3 people were killed in other parts of the country.
  • 1985 – The ban on banks advertising on television is lifted.
  • 1986 – President Kenan Evren approved amendments to the Criminal Execution Law and the procedure for the release of nearly 50,000 convicts was initiated.
  • 1989 – A 4400-year-old mummy was found in the Cheops pyramid in Egypt.
  • 1990 – German reunification: After the German Democratic Republic elections, the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany merge.
  • 1992 – The “Constitutional Reform Bill”, planned by President De Klerk, granting equal citizenship to black people in the Republic of South Africa, is approved by popular vote.
  • 1997 – The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 passenger plane was cut off while en route to Turkey. 50 people on board the plane crashed.
  • 2000 – 573 relatives living in Syria and Turkey crossed the border following the agreement of the two countries and celebrated.
  • 2005 – At a New York mosque, a woman leads Friday prayers for the first time. According to 1426 years of Islamic tradition, this is a first.
  • 2010 – TRT Haber started broadcasting.
  • 2020 – The Eurovision Song Contest has been postponed to 2021 due to the coronavirus pandemic.

births

  • 1609-III. Frederick, King of Denmark and Norway (died 1670)
  • 1690 – Christian Goldbach, Russian mathematician (died 1764)
  • 1703 – Impavido L’leida, Spanish soprano (died 1751)
  • 1780 Milos Obrenovic, Serbian prince (d. 1860)
  • 1782 – John C. Calhoun, American statesman (died 1850)
  • 1800 – Aleksa Simić, Serbian politician (died 1872)
  • 1809 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts, Liberian politician (died 1876)
  • 1813 – Friedrich Hebbel, German playwright (died 1863)
  • 1826 – Joseph René Bellot, French Arctic explorer (d. 1853)
  • 1828 – Randal Cremer, English liberal pacifist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (died 1908)
  • 1830 – Fustel de Coulanges, French historian (d. 1889)
  • 1837 – Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (died 1908)
  • 1842 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (died 1898)
  • 1843 Jules Vandenpeereboom, Belgian politician (died 1917)
  • 1844 – Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian musician, composer and teacher of music (died 1908)
  • 1856 – Alexander Izvolski, Russian diplomat (died 1919)
  • 1858 – Rudolf Diesel, German mechanical engineer and inventor of the diesel engine (died 1913)
  • 1866 – Cemil Topuzlu, Turkish physician (founder of modern surgery in Turkey and mayor of Istanbul) (died 1958)
  • 1869 Neville Chamberlain, English politician (died 1940)
  • 1874 – Nikolay Berdyayev, Russian theologian and philosopher (leader of Christian existentialism) sözcü (died 1948)
  • 1877 – Edgar Cayce, American medium (died 1945)
  • 1879 – Varaztad KazanCyan, Turkish-Armenian specialist in plastic surgery (died 1968)
  • 1880 – Walter Hohmann, German physicist (d. 1945)
  • 1892 – Ruşen Eşref Ünaydın, Turkish journalist, writer, politician and diplomat (died 1959)
  • 1905 Robert Donat, English actor (died 1958)
  • 1912 – Toto Karaca, Armenian-born Turkish opera, theater and film artist (died 1992)
  • 1913 – René Clément, French director (died 1996)
  • 1915 – Refet Angın, Turkish teacher (died 2015)
  • 1922 – Seymour Martin Lipset, American sociologist (died 2006)
  • 1929 – Christa Wolf, German novelist and screenwriter (died 2011)
  • 1932 – John Updike, American author (died 2009)
  • 1935 – Frances Cress Welsing, American Africanologist and psychiatrist (died 2016)
  • 1936 – FW de Klerk, South African politician and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (died 2021)
  • 1940 – Namık Ekin, Turkish soldier and judoka
  • 1942 – Roman Perihan, Turkish soprano, painter, model and actress (died 2016)
  • 1953 – Nilgün Belgün, Turkish TV series, film and theater actress
  • 1956 – Luc Besson, French filmmaker
  • 1959 – Gökalp Baykal, Turkish musician, architect, lecturer and writer
  • 1960 – Richard Biggs, American actor (died 2004)
  • 1965 – Robin Sharma, Indo-Canadian writer
  • 1968 – Burçin Bildik, Turkish actress and musician
  • 1969 – Bekir Aksoy, Turkish actor
  • 1969 – Vassily Ivanchuk, Ukrainian chess player
  • 1972 – Necmi Yapıcı, Turkish TV series and film actor
  • 1973 – Vural Çelik, Turkish film, theater and TV series actor
  • 1979 – Adam Levine, American singer and songwriter
  • 1979 – Danneel Harris, American actress
  • 1980 – Alexey Yagudin, Russian figure skater
  • 1980 – Natalia Poklonskaya, Ukrainian lawyer and former Prosecutor General of the Republic of Crimea
  • 1981 – Laura Pergolizzi, American singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Paola Cardullo, Italian volleyball player
  • 1988 -Tanju Şahin, Turkish footballer
  • 1989 – Lily Collins, American actress, model and television journalist
  • 1994 – Ali İsmail Korkmaz, Turkish student (died 2013)
  • 1999 – Neslihan Demir, Turkish basketball player

Armed

  • 235 – Alexander Severus, Roman Emperor (b. 208)
  • 1584-IV. Ivan (Ivan the Terrible), Tsar of Russia (b. 1530)
  • 1745 – Robert Walpole, English politician (b. 1676)
  • 1768 – Laurence Sterne, Irish writer (b. 1713)
  • 1869 – Pauline Fourès, French painter and novelist (born in 1778)
  • 1871 – Augustus De Morgan, British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • 1876 ​​- Ferdinand Freiligrath, German translator and poet (b. 1810)
  • 1913 – George I, King of Greece (b. 1845)
  • 1929 – Hamza Hakimzade Niyazi, Uzbek poet, writer and literary translator (b. 1889)
  • 1936 – Eleftherios Venizelos, Greek politician (b. 1864)
  • 1937 – Mélanie Bonis, French late Romantic composer (b. 1858)
  • [1945-TeyfukAbdulHeroofSovietUnionMedalCrimeanSoldier(born1915)[1945-TeyfukAbdulhérosdelamédailledel’UnionsoviétiquesoldattatardeCrimée(néen1915)
  • 1964 – Norbert Wiener, American mathematician and founder of cybernetics (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Faruk I, King of Egypt (b. 1920)
  • 1967 – Julio Baghy, Hungarian actor (born in 1891)
  • 1977 – Marien Ngouabi, Congolese soldier and politician (born in 1938)
  • 1980 – Erich Fromm, American sociologist (b. 1900)
  • 1981 – Cahide Sonku, Turkish film and theater actress (first female director and first female star of Turkish cinema) (born 1919)
  • 1982 – Vasily Chuykov, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Bernard Malamud, American author (born in 1914)
  • 1993 – Beyhan Cenkçi, Turkish journalist (born in 1935)
  • 1995 – Sadri Alışık, Turkish filmmaker (born in 1925)
  • 1996 – Odysseus Elitis, Greek poet and Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2008 – Anthony Minghella, British director (born 1954)
  • 2009 – Natasha Richardson, British actress (born in 1963)
  • 2017 – Chuck Berry, American musician (born in 1926)
  • 2021 – Mehmet Genç, Turkish historian (born in 1934)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Çanakkale Martyrs Day
  • Respect for the Elderly Week
  • Withdrawal of Russian and Armenian troops from Karayazı district in Erzurum (1918)
  • Withdrawal of Russian and Armenian troops from the Narman district of Erzurum (1918)
  • Withdrawal of Russian and Armenian troops from Tekman district in Erzurum (1918)

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