world war – Will To Exist http://willtoexist.com/ Fri, 01 Apr 2022 14:35:46 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://willtoexist.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-6-120x120.png world war – Will To Exist http://willtoexist.com/ 32 32 Why our hearts are with Ukraine | human interest https://willtoexist.com/why-our-hearts-are-with-ukraine-human-interest/ Sun, 06 Mar 2022 01:00:00 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/why-our-hearts-are-with-ukraine-human-interest/ The war in Ukraine dominated the news in America and broke our collective hearts. Driven by images of women and children boarding trains to escape bombardment, we imagine our mothers and sisters; in the faces of young men and women taking up arms to defend their homeland, we see our sons and daughters. Why did […]]]>

The war in Ukraine dominated the news in America and broke our collective hearts.

Driven by images of women and children boarding trains to escape bombardment, we imagine our mothers and sisters; in the faces of young men and women taking up arms to defend their homeland, we see our sons and daughters.

Why did the Russian invasion of neighboring Ukraine so deeply affect so many of us?

Some — including television reporters — have suggested our hearts are with Ukrainians because they “look like us” — an implication that seems to exclude African, Asian and Latin Americans.






A woman and a little girl react as they cannot immediately board a train bound for Poland on Friday at the main train station in Lviv, Ukraine.




It’s more complex than that, says Tim Horgan, executive director of the New Hampshire Global Affairs Council.

Part of that has to do with our history of Cold War conflict with the former Soviet Union, he said.

And part of that may be the connection that many Americans feel with Europe.

“Europe feels closer than, say, the military junta taking control of Myanmar,” he said. “More people have visited Europe than maybe some of the regions where these conflicts are happening, and so it feels more real.”

Then there are the historical links to the world wars, he continued.

“We haven’t seen a major country invade a European country since World War II, so I think there’s a lot of fear around World War III,” he said.

“You don’t see a lot of countries invading each other and trying to decapitate their government,” he said. “What you see most are civil wars or repressions by authoritarians.”

The fact that the media has had wide access to what is happening in Ukraine also makes it more immediate, Horgan said.

“It’s so unfair”

Eva Castillo, director of the Manchester-based New Hampshire Alliance for Immigrants and Refugees, said the Russian invasion of Ukraine is “such a tragedy and it’s so unfair.”

“I cried several times while watching television,” she said.

Part of that is down to the courage and tenacity of the Ukrainian people to resist the Russian invaders, Castillo said. “These are people who are not even trained. It’s like a David versus Goliath,” she said.

“It’s so sad to see how they face this giant who could really step on them and crush them, but they’re holding their own and they’ve decided to stay behind and defend their nation, which is such a beautiful thing to do,” Castillo says.

The Association of Arab and Middle East Journalists (AMEJA) recently condemned the way some correspondents have reported on the war in Ukraine, appearing to elevate the tragedy and its victims above those in other places, such as the Middle East or Africa.







Dartmouth College students rally in support of Ukraine

Dartmouth College students recently held a rally in support of the Ukrainian people in the face of a devastating Russian invasion.




“AMEJA stands in full solidarity with all civilians under military assault in any part of the world, and we deplore the difference in media coverage of people in one country versus another,” the organization said in a statement. a statement.

Yet there is an uncomfortable truth that many Americans have been affected by the crisis because they are connected to Ukrainians.

“They see themselves reflected, so it hits them hard,” Castillo said. “I think it has a lot to do with it, subconsciously or consciously. I think it’s mostly unconscious.

Last week, Castillo was attending an Interfaith Network meeting in Washington, DC, where it was part of the conversation.

“We were talking about how paradoxical it is that the United States has responded with such force and compassion – and rightly so – but at the same time there are so many comparable issues elsewhere that haven’t really sparked the same reaction,” she said.

What we have in common

The sense that the Ukrainian people are like us goes beyond race, said James McKim Jr., president of the Manchester chapter of the NAACP.

The Russian attacks shown on television took place in modern urban areas that have the same kind of amenities that we are used to in our own country, he said.

“The thought that people who are in a society like ours might face this existential threat from a neighboring country, that’s compelling,” he said.

Yuliya Komska, associate professor of German studies at Dartmouth College, agreed that’s part of why we can’t look away. “A country that did nothing was attacked by the third largest army in the world,” she said.

The idea that Ukrainians are engaged in a just “fight for freedom” resonates with many Americans, she said. “Ukrainians speak very good English and made their opinions heard everywhere very quickly, so there is no doubt,” she said.

There may be generational differences in how Americans view the war in Ukraine.

McKim of the NAACP said young people may not have the same sense of the history of the former Soviet Union and the Cold War with Russia, “but older people remember it. “, did he declare.

Indeed, for those who remember hiding under their school desks during Cold War exercises, Putin’s “nuclear saber sound” was unsettling, said Horgan of the World Affairs Council. “That, I’m sure, for people who lived through the Cuban Missile Crisis, really brings up a lot of scary memories.”

Komska has relatives in Russia and Ukraine. An American citizen, she came here from Lviv, in western Ukraine, to which many refugees have fled. Her parents, who live in Germany, have not been in contact with relatives in Russia because of the war, she said.

For many Americans, what’s happening in Ukraine tapped into old fears about communism or anarchism associated with Russia and the Soviet Union long before the Cold War, Komska said.

But she said: “Part of the problem is that Americans only look at Ukraine when it is in flames.

“I find that really disturbing,” she said. “If Americans paid attention to countries that need help and help and support in peace, or when people are just starting to protest for something worth changing, that would be ideal. “, she said. “Before they start to burn.”







Pro-Ukrainian demonstration in Concord

New Hampshire residents gathered at the State House in Concord last week to support Ukraine and condemn the Russian invasion.



How far will Putin go

A critical question, Horgan said, is whether Putin will stop at Ukraine’s borders. “He showed since 2008 with his invasion of Georgia that he was interested in expanding the territory under the control of the Russian Federation, and he said that the fall of the Soviet Union was the biggest catastrophe that the 20th century has ever known,” he said. . “And so you can see how there is a real concern that it won’t stop with Ukraine unless the West responds strongly.”

Horgan was recently invited by the Strafford County Regional Planning Commission to speak about what the Russian sanctions will mean for the local economy. It is an indication of how a distant international conflict has spilled over to local concerns.

The price of natural gas, oil and wheat will likely rise due to war and global sanctions other nations are imposing on Russia, Horgan said. “These are globalized systems, these are globalized economies,” he said.

“We are always going to be affected by the actions Russia takes because they are blowing up ports, blowing up port cities, blowing up roads, blowing up bridges. You just won’t be able to physically get these products to market, and that will affect everything. »

The war has already damaged Russia, Horgan said.

“It’s already a bit of this quagmire,” he said. “Even if they manage to take over the whole country and install their own pro-Russian government, isn’t their military might in question a bit now?

“Everyone thought it would be over in two days, and here we are on day 8 and they’ve taken a city,” he said last week. “To me, it shows the weakness of the Russian military, of the Russian state, that they were apparently so scared of Ukraine that they felt they had to take this step.”

Komska also thinks Putin miscalculated. “He entered Ukraine to protect what he calls the Russian world,” she said.

However, “they don’t want his help; they don’t need his help. And at the same time, he is compromising and endangering the people of his own country and he is going to cause them enormous economic damage in the long and short term.







REFUGEES IN HUNGARY

On Friday, Ukrainians fleeing Russia’s invasion of their country wait at a train station in Zahony, Hungary. Humanitarian organizations estimate that a million Ukrainians have left the country since the beginning of the Russian invasion.




How can we help you

So what can Americans who care about Ukraine do?

For starters, it’s important to follow war stories, Horgan said. After that he said, “You can then take the next step and go to the leadership of your Congress and say, ‘That’s the action I want the United States to take on this,’ whatever that action is.”

Komska said those who want to help the Ukrainian people can do so through organizations such as razonforukraine.org and the Institute of International Education (www.iie.org).

Castillo, who has worked with immigrants and refugees for many years, urged those concerned to seek out reputable charities and donate to help refugees fleeing Ukraine. “They’re going to need clothes, food and shelter,” she said.

But those needs will go beyond material goods, she said. “You leave your family and you also leave your social capital,” she said. “You’re nobody in a new place and you have to start from minus zero.”

Castillo said she was encouraged by the response she saw in New Hampshire, the prayer vigils and demonstrations of support.

“It feels so good to me that in the midst of all these divisions that we have as a nation, people have found a common bond to provide support, from a distance perhaps, to these people who are going through such an ordeal. tough times,” she said.

“It gives me hope to see that we can connect with another community, regardless of the differences.”

]]>
Darker turns in the city of nightmares https://willtoexist.com/darker-turns-in-the-city-of-nightmares/ Mon, 28 Feb 2022 08:00:00 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/darker-turns-in-the-city-of-nightmares/ The habit of adding a definite article to Bob Kane’s indestructible crime fighter dates back to the character’s origins at the start of World War II. In recent years, however, it has acted as an indicator that current Guardians want us to take a Batman particularly seriously. Indeed, Matt Reeves the Batman mourns the recreational […]]]>

The habit of adding a definite article to Bob Kane’s indestructible crime fighter dates back to the character’s origins at the start of World War II. In recent years, however, it has acted as an indicator that current Guardians want us to take a Batman particularly seriously. Indeed, Matt Reeves the Batman mourns the recreational nihilism — driving rain, dimly lit alleys, rumbling dialogue — that never goes out of style with less cuddly teenagers. If only staying in school was so cool. Amirite, mom and dad?

Robert Pattinson adapts well to the swing towards adolescent existentialism. RPatz is actually older than Christian Bale when that actor took over the role in 2005, but, with his dark eyeshadow and rattail bangs, the current Bruce Wayne looks like a youngster by comparison. It wouldn’t be surprising to learn that he relaxes playing bass for Cauldron of Spit or My Stygian Afternoons.

The Batman is almost entirely joke-free, but even its staunchest proponents will find themselves snickering at all the smugness at times. That’s not to say, however, that Reeves’ film doesn’t own and occupy its chosen environment. Indeed, it’s the most thoughtful outing for the caped crusader since Christopher Nolan’s enduring The Dark Knight from 2008.


It helps that, rather than bothering with origin stories, Reeves and Peter Craig’s screenplay imagines a corrupt Gotham City already awash with allies and familiar villains. The film could not be described as vaguely naturalistic. The villains are further removed from the chic of the big top, however, than in any previous big-screen incarnation. The Riddler (Paul Dano) is a dirty conspiracy theorist in a combat jacket. Catwoman (Zoë Kravitz) has sleek glamour, but she hides her features with a modified balaclava rather than a peek-a-boo fetish mask. As you probably already know, the unrecognizable Colin Farrell plays the Penguin as a violent, deformed slob in an everyday costume. It’s unclear why Reeves hired Farrell rather than a proper out-of-form slob, but no one could fault his performance or the effectiveness of the prosthetics.

The Batman differs from previous film incarnations in its commitment to a more traditional mystery plot and its engagement with contemporary cynicism about power structures. The vision of society in Nolan’s films was hardly sunny, but here the crazed villains and flawed heroes seem to agree on the system’s irremediable poison. Catwoman, still Selina Kyle by day, dabbles in drugs and burglary. The Riddler sits somewhere between the urban terrorist and the Zodiac Killer. The Batman seems constantly tormented by his own addiction to revenge. There are no big ideas, but there is, at least, an acknowledgment that many potential viewers will now see the Wayne Dynasty as – the phrase actually appears – “white privileged assholes”. These themes unfold as Batman and Lt. James Gordon (the ever-sounding Jeffrey Wright could hardly be a better fit) expand the search for a serial killer into an investigation into widespread corruption.

Zoë Kravitz and Robert Pattinson in The Batman

Reeves and his collaborators have mastered their aesthetics perfectly. Using red neon as an accompanying motif to the endless nocturnal black, cinematographer Greig Fraser, currently Oscar-nominated for Dune, alludes to the most intriguing nightmares of Gaspar Noé’s films. There’s been some talk beforehand about the relentlessness of the violence, but, for the most part, the fights lean towards ballet and bloodless. Michael Giacchino’s score in no way lightens the tone by working in variations on Gounod’s Ave Maria.

Despite all that confidence, The Batman ends up losing the race on his own. Bulking the runtime by almost three hours, the story, while well-crafted, has ideas above its humble station. We want the strings to be taut. We aspire to just a bit of lightness. There is every reason to believe, however, that the definitive article version will work and will work.

Released March 4

]]>
Headlines: The Hess Fashion Specialist | The titles of the story https://willtoexist.com/headlines-the-hess-fashion-specialist-the-titles-of-the-story/ Sat, 01 Jan 2022 11:00:00 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/headlines-the-hess-fashion-specialist-the-titles-of-the-story/ It would be difficult to say what has been the highlight of the career of Hess’ fashion director, Gerard “Gerry” Golden. There were many of them. But March 3, 1967 was to be close. That morning, New York Times readers had plenty of news to choose from that day. The Vietnam War was at its […]]]>


It would be difficult to say what has been the highlight of the career of Hess’ fashion director, Gerard “Gerry” Golden. There were many of them. But March 3, 1967 was to be close.

That morning, New York Times readers had plenty of news to choose from that day. The Vietnam War was at its height, and it seemed like former Attorney General Senator Robert F. Kennedy was posing as a tough White House suitor with incumbent President Lyndon Johnson. Returning to page 29, the entertainment section, Hello Dolly was going strong with Martha Raye leading the way and there was a box with oversized letters that said “WHAT! HAVE YOU NOT EVEN SEEN THE MAN FROM LA MANCHA ONCE?






Gérard “Gerry” Doré


But Golden’s attention must have been riveted on the article on page 30. “Hess of Allentown Shows Imports,” read the headline. Under the signature of Times fashion writer Bernadine Morris was an account of the latest fashions Golden had brought back from Europe.

“Prices are dropping in the latest importation of sewing assembled in Europe by Hess department store in Allentown, Pa.,” The article began. “An Antonio del Castillo crystal beaded evening dress costs $ 7,500 to $ 1,500 less than last season’s more expensive style, also a Castillo. But the reduction is not significant according to Gerard (Gerry) Golden, fashion director of the store. “Summer clothes are always a little cheaper”, he observed yesterday before presenting the first presentation of the latest European import fashions in New York at the Americana Hotel “, which hosted many celebrities of the time during that decade, including the Beatles.

Morris went on to note that this was Golden’s 48th fashion trip to Europe. The day before, the dresses had been previewed in Pennsauken, New Jersey, at a dinner for 2,500 women. Over the next four months, Golden will host another 250 shows for women’s groups in civic organizations in eastern Pennsylvania and New Jersey. They would also be showcased daily at Hess’s Patio restaurant and displayed in the store’s floor-to-ceiling windows, artistically staged by Hess VP Design Wolfgang Otto. “The average housewife has been influenced by television. She’s not interested in daytime wear or if an outfit has welt seams or baggage seams, she wants the excitement, ”Golden added. About 75 percent of the collection was Italian and much of the rest French. But, according to Morris, Golden had also included designer clothing from Africa and the Near East.

Bringing fashions from other often overlooked countries had been Golden’s hallmark. He had been doing this since his beginnings as a fashion director for Hess’s. They were more affordable than Couture from Europe and so introduced it to Americans who might never see it otherwise. This Times article was exactly the sort of thing Max Hess liked to see promoting his store. Glamor and elegance and a touch of the world outside of Lehigh Valley made his store unique. This is what Golden has managed to bring to his 24 years with Hess. The fact that a fashion director plays an important role in today’s emerging world of European fashion has revived the store’s image both in Lehigh Valley and abroad. According to a source, Hess insisted the store be listed as having outposts in London, Paris and Rome. They might have been nothing more than a phone on a desk, but they were there.






Hess Fashion Show Newspaper Ad

Hess Fashion Show Newspaper Ad


Looking at Gerard “Gerry” Golden’s youth, one would not have guessed that he would have had an interest in fashion. Born in Pittston, Luzerne County, he was the son of Martin A. Golden III and Florence Golden. He had a brother, Martin. After attending Bucknell University, where he trained as an engineer, he was employed as treasurer and sales manager for the Lenox Manufacturing Company of Catasauqua. During World War II, he served with Army engineers in the Pacific as a first lieutenant, receiving several citations for his service.

In 1947 Golden went to work for Hess as a fashion headwear buyer. According to the recollection of a long-time former Hess employee, the story was that Max Hess had seen Golden buying women’s hats for the store. Something about his technique impressed Hess, or so it is rumored, and he instantly decided to give Golden a chance by sending him on a shopping trip to Japan. Hess had a reputation for making decisions on the spot, and the trip to Japan was apparently Golden’s big break. Even though this country was just beginning to emerge from WWII, it was a success. “He became the first American buyer to introduce a high fashion collection of designer originals in the East,” the New York Times noted. This was followed by trips to Greece and Turkey to return, according to the Times, “with the first collection by designers from these countries to be shown in the United States.”






Hess' caravan

Hess’ caravan


Golden and Hess were both fortunate enough to have come during this time in postwar America. According to art and culture writer Louis Menand in his recent book “The Free World: Art and Thought in the Cold War”, the years 1945 to 1973 were a unique period during which the culture has crossed the transatlantic world. From the existentialism of philosophers in Paris to the abstract expressionism of artists in New York, ideas have flourished. Not everyone was comfortable with it. At the time, Time magazine called abstract expressionist artist Jackson Pollack “Jack the Dripper” for his famous drip paintings. Couture was also influenced by the new style of the “free world”. Even Hollywood has entered the scene with movies set in the fashion world like “Fancy Free” from 1955 with Audrey Hepburn and Fred Astaire and “Designing Woman” from 1957 with Lauren Bacall and Gregory Peck. Hess and Golden in their own way took advantage of bringing that international fashion sense to the Lehigh Valley.

It was in 1952 that Golden made its first major foray into the world of European fashion by bringing Elsa Schiaparelli to Hess to exhibit her newly created lingerie garments. In truth, Schiaparelli had passed her prime as a fashion designer. Originally from Rome, she had lived in America after fleeing her aristocratic family. She returned to Paris and made a name for herself in the 1920s and 1930s with perhaps her most famous client being Wallace Warfield Simpson, aka the Duchess of Windsor. Others included movie stars Greta Garbo, Katherine Hepburn, Lauren Bacall, Vivien Leigh and Ginger Rogers, among others. At the same time, Schiaparelli also followed American department stores, bringing dresses to the upper middle class market.

If the American women of Lehigh Valley and Allentown knew anything about European fashion, Schiaparelli was the name they knew. When she came to Allentown, it drew a lot of people to Hess, bringing with it the romanticism of Parisian fashion. But Golden was not only keeping an eye on the past but also looking to the present. In 1947, Parisian designer Christian Dior released the longer “New Look” dresses that raised eyebrows and even hems. Anecdotal evidence suggests that some GIs returning from WWII preferred their wife and girlfriend’s shorter skirt length to where she was. But Paris had spoken. Dresses reflecting this “New Look” style were quickly available from Hess.






Hess Department Store in Allentown

Hess Department Store in Allentown


Apparently the most important thing for Golden in the 1950s was to encourage emerging Italian fashion designers. Since the 19th century, the fashion was Paris. But there were a lot of talents in Italy whose work he wanted to encourage. Among those he first contacted – although not Italian, but based in Rome – was Irene Galitzine. From the Galitzines, a Russian noble family at the time of the Revolution, they fled to Rome. After studying fashion with the Italian designer Sorelle Fontana in 1946, she opened her workshop in Rome.

Golden met Galitzine in 1955 and suggested that she come to Allentown, which she did that year to show off her designer originals. Her most popular item was her so-called “palazzo pajamas,” a type of evening wear in silky lounge pants that takes its name from the Palazzo Pitti in Florence where they were first introduced. Later, in the words of the New York Times, “his living room on Via Venato was where DuPonts and Fords clashed for the first crack at his creations.” Galitzine did not forget Hess and returned there several times, notably in 1963. She then counted Jacqueline Kennedy and Elizabeth Taylor among her clients.

In the 1960s, Golden appeared on seasonal local television specials. Obviously, expensive designer fashion items were not within the reach of most Hess customers. But that was apparently Golden’s and by extension Hess’ point of view. They would take the shoppers into the store and once there they would buy something.

The sale of the store in 1968 and the death of Max Hess, 57, the same year, ended the goals he and Golden shared.

On February 16, 1971, the Morning Call announced the death of Gerry Golden at his brother’s home in Catasauqua after an illness of several months. He was 55 years old.


]]>
Readers’ Forum, December 6, 2021: Mutual aid and sharing accompany Christmas | Letters to the Editor https://willtoexist.com/readers-forum-december-6-2021-mutual-aid-and-sharing-accompany-christmas-letters-to-the-editor/ Sat, 04 Dec 2021 04:15:00 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/readers-forum-december-6-2021-mutual-aid-and-sharing-accompany-christmas-letters-to-the-editor/ Take care, share with Christmas The Christmas season is approaching. It’s a time when so many things seem to get bigger. Some, like our appetite and our waistline, are a never-ending battle. Others, like our hearts, are more important and really the reason for the season. We are a nation of immigrants and of various […]]]>


Take care, share with Christmas

The Christmas season is approaching. It’s a time when so many things seem to get bigger. Some, like our appetite and our waistline, are a never-ending battle. Others, like our hearts, are more important and really the reason for the season.

We are a nation of immigrants and of various religions from around the world. Christmas is a Christian tradition. At the same time, it is a holiday that goes beyond strict religious lines. About three quarters of the population are Christians. However, around 90% of the people in this country celebrate Christmas.

Each family has its traditions. Perhaps it is a matter of hanging the handmade 50s ornament on the tree in a place of honor. It could be the four little angels spelling out CHRISTMAS who have adorned a mantle for generations. There are other traditions which have fallen into disuse or are quite recent.

Coca-Cola popularized the modern image of Santa’s grandfather. Before a 1938 advertisement, the portrayal of Santa Claus was very varied, but generally that of an elf or a gnome.

Christmas trees became popular in the mid-19th century. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were shown in an illustration published in 1848 standing next to a decorated tree. Soon the practice became popular over Christmas. Previously, it was only a German tradition.

Ghost stories were popular in the Victorian era. This held true even at Christmas. So it’s no surprise that Charles Dickens built “A Christmas Carol” around a ghost story.

Caroling looked a lot more like a modern trick-or-treat. He was supposed to provide food or drink for the singers, otherwise your garden might be in trouble.

In the 17th century, it was common for a single person to throw a shoe into a tree during Christmas time. If he was hanging there, you’d be married next year.

Christmas is really all about the birth of Christ. From there we have the message of faith and love.

From this message, we all become a little more generous, caring and sharing. This helps bring the Christmas spirit to this time of year. Let us each keep this spirit alive throughout the year as we keep Christ alive in our hearts.

– Dwayne Owens, Terre-Haute

Search for meaning

In 1946, Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) wrote “From Death Camp to Existentialism” about his years in four Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust of World War II.

His memoir was republished in 1959 under the title “Man’s Search For Meaning”. Frankl was born in Vienna, Austria, and also earned a doctorate in psychiatry and a doctorate. He has published over 30 books and has been a visiting professor and lecturer at Harvard and Stanford.

His theory of logotherapy (finding meaning in life) centers on the fact that we cannot always avoid suffering, but we can choose how to deal with it, find meaning in it, and move forward with a renewed purpose. Forces beyond our control can take away all we have except one thing, our freedom to choose how we will react to the situation. We can’t always control what happens to us in life, but we can always control how we feel and do about what happens to us.

He explains that during his three years in the concentration camps, he kept himself alive and kept hope by thinking about his wife and the prospect of seeing her again, and dreaming of lecturing after the war on the lessons. psychological to be drawn from the experience in the concentration camp.

What a reading this is. This writer recommends it to anyone who is still looking for meaning in their life.

– William Greenwell, Terre Haute


]]>
Finding Common Ground: Can a Third Way Save Us? | Opinion https://willtoexist.com/finding-common-ground-can-a-third-way-save-us-opinion/ Tue, 30 Nov 2021 22:31:00 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/finding-common-ground-can-a-third-way-save-us-opinion/ Our two-party system is not working and is quickly collapsing beyond repair. Most importantly, our people are beyond polarized dislike and headed for a possibly violent ‘debrief’ that is being built over the past 30 years. How did we get to this low point? How did we gut what was left of American exceptionalism, leaving […]]]>


Our two-party system is not working and is quickly collapsing beyond repair. Most importantly, our people are beyond polarized dislike and headed for a possibly violent ‘debrief’ that is being built over the past 30 years.

How did we get to this low point? How did we gut what was left of American exceptionalism, leaving an empty shell of who we once were? How did parties come to field so few candidates to rational moderate voters? How did so many adults become radicalized violent enemies of the opposition?

At the head of a party is a 78-year-old, sometimes coherent and mentally inept Liberal Democrat, a political hacker with 50 years of experience in the federal government who has apparently retained little knowledge or useful skills in governance. . He is assisted by a progressive “awakened” vice president with all the charm, consideration and warmth of the California Condor.

The other side is under the thumb of a 75-year-old amoral ignorant and malicious narcissist who spits hatred and encourages violence. Those who support him because they “like a lot of his policies” remind me of those who supported or tolerated fascism before WWII for bringing pride back to Germany and restoring some semblance of order. Trump’s evil runs deep among his 40 million voting supporters and others. He is an existential threat to the Constitution, American democracy, and world peace. To deny this is to drink your one-sided bossy Kool Aid. He ignores reality. Agreements made with the devil or a cruel tyrant end up in disaster. Ask the German people.

Clinton was a pragmatic centrist who followed Bush 41, another moderate who fell into the broad middle where most Americans were comfortable after World War II. Nixon was also a centrist, able to negotiate, confer, and compromise with Democrats and even Communist China. Today, either party has little interest in communicating honestly and seeking compromise. Doing so invites you to be treated as a traitor and to see your life threatened. Before Clinton, there were fundamental polarizing dynamics that play a big part in the great decoupling we are seeing today. Among them: the assassinations of JFK, MLK and RFK – 1963 and 1968; assassination attempts against Reagan and Ford – 1975 and 1981; Johnson’s Big Society Programs – 1963 – 1968; The Vietnam War, revolutionary left-wing violence – mid-1960s – 1975; the civil rights movement – mainly the 1960s; Nixon’s Silent Majority – 1968; Roe vs. Wade – 1973; Urban riots in dozens of cities – mainly from 1964 to 1968; Falwell and Robertson found the Christian Coalition – 1977; Affirmative action and other leveling programs – started in 1969.

New religious, class, racial and political movements have paved the way for an explosive growth of extremist ideologies and adherents. With Clinton came impeachment and the generation of multiple conspiracy theories linking the Clintons to murders, drug trafficking and criminal cover-ups. Clinton has been called an illegitimate president, allowing his extremist opposition to define him and his fellow Democrats as immoral usurpers of power, anti-freedom socialists and baby killers. The opposition turned into hatred and moral condemnation.

At the center of this new form of vehement morally sanctioned opposition was Rush Limbaugh and the blueprint he provided for right-wing talk radio to thrive and broadcast new forms of ideological warfare, disinformation, and infotainment. At its peak, Limbaugh reached 15.5 million weekly listeners. It was a gospel of unfettered capitalism, of the moral superiority of a forgotten America “hovered over”, the condemnation of an overambitious federal government, the personal responsibility of the poor, and the superiority of traditional Christian “Western values”. The subtext was conspiracy theories mixed with ridicule for minority concerns and a bit of proven American racism. The silent majority found redemption and the assertion that they were the elect and began to become a hostile, vengeful force. The internet and social media have expanded this echo chamber into gathering places for resentful and feeble-minded travel companions. Confirmation bias was now everywhere and exploited by all media.

In the years that followed, new dynamics and movements eroded the community and consensus required by democracy. Factors of left polarization include: affirmative action moving first towards “equality”, then “fairness” and rejection of meritocracy; calls for redress for past racial injustices; play the endless “racism card” recklessly and intentionally to seize power; mock the religious and cultural values ​​of Central America; extremely conflicting academic ideas and fantasies; push identity politics in a way that encourages any “minority”, regardless of size, to randomly accuse the majority of a hateful “ism” or to threaten the safe space it needs to function; suppress freedom of speech, especially conservative speeches, ideas and discussions in colleges and universities; allow each “victim” of the “oppressive majority” a preponderant place at the table and the presumption that their status as victim should not be called into question; ANTIFA and other violent socialist and anarchist organizations; many more examples of progressive extremism.

Examples of growing right-wing extremism include: paramilitary militias, Sovereign Citizens’ movement, neo-Nazis, white nationalism, anti-Semitism, skinheads, all engaged in violent resolution of disagreements and to varying degrees overthrowing the government federal; the paranoia of the Second Amendment; Qanon and other groups focused on conspiracy beliefs; Cultist, unconditional support for Trump throughout the Republican Party; Christian political action groups and ministries that fund a far-right agenda based on their moral superiority over the immoral left that want to cancel Christmas while savoring their freedom to choose infanticide as part of the right to choose a woman’s ; most members of the Republican caucus in the House of Representatives; Evangelical Christianity which often includes a mixture of racism, earthly thought, tribalism, intolerance, apocalyptic fixations and encouragement of righteous violence when applied to wicked sinners, primarily Democrats; a refusal to accept that many Americans have historically been hurt or worse by the white Christian majority; in search of a theocracy which integrates Church and State.

I see little hope. A viable third-party movement would take a decade or more to develop, and financial interests will not easily let go of the status quo. We are where we are because of who we are. Our polarized elected officials represent and reflect us to a large extent. Today there are fewer and fewer places for the moderate, reasonable and thoughtful citizen. We exist but if we don’t find a third option in search of common ground, we are on the verge of collapse. I am a Republican on hold. Wait for the party to completely reject Trumpism. Good luck with that.

In the meantime, never forget that Trumpism is a force of evil and seeks to destroy democracy. Uncle Joe may procrastinate, babble, live in a liberal fantasy world, and advance policies you hate, but any real damage he can do is tiny and easily reversible from what a rampaging vindictive tyrant with no respect for the democracy or decency will do if he returns to power. Just ask the German people.

Trump is so dangerous that he is only an option for authoritarian, undemocratic, cult-loving Americans. Do not let his pathology spread.


]]>
The best non-fiction books of the 1970s https://willtoexist.com/the-best-non-fiction-books-of-the-1970s/ https://willtoexist.com/the-best-non-fiction-books-of-the-1970s/#respond Wed, 13 Oct 2021 22:00:04 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/the-best-non-fiction-books-of-the-1970s/ The non-fiction books of the 1970s discussed everything from science to society to space. We have collected the best of the decade. The non-fiction books of the 1970s reflected the preoccupations of the time: feminism, intersectionality, anxieties in the face of the decline of the modern era, fascination with space and science. Over the decade, […]]]>


The non-fiction books of the 1970s discussed everything from science to society to space. We have collected the best of the decade.

The non-fiction books of the 1970s reflected the preoccupations of the time: feminism, intersectionality, anxieties in the face of the decline of the modern era, fascination with space and science.

Over the decade, the wave of scientific and social advancement has been extremely impressive for the time, paving the way for many modern scientific and social structures that are considered normal in today’s society. To take it any further, look no further: we’ve put together a list of the best books of the 70s.

Kate Millett, author of “Sexual Politics” (Photo: Fred Lum / The Globe and Mail)

Sexual Politics – Kate Millett (1970)

Widely regarded as a classic of radical feminist literature, Sexual politics began as Kate Millett’s doctoral thesis and explores the subjugation of women in art and literature in the 20th century. Inspired by Simone De Beauvoir The second sex, the non-fiction book discusses the genre politics of prominent authors like DH Lawrence, Henry Miller, etc. and how they see sex in a “Patriarchal and sexist way”.

non-fiction sex politics
Photo: WordPress

The Black Woman: An Anthology – edited by Toni Cade Bambara (1970)

Technically, The black woman contains elements of fiction with poetry and short stories included. However, the anthology also includes conversations and non-fiction essays written by now famous African-American writers (such as Alice Walker, Nikki Giovanni, Audre Lorde) that deal with issues relating to gender, race, status. politics, work, intersectionality and education. The black woman was a groundbreaking work that paved the way for some of the most exciting and talented black voices of the late 20th century.

the black woman
Photo: Simon & Schuster

Zelda: a biography – Nancy Milford (1970)

Nancy Milford’s non-fiction biography is written about one of the 20th century’s most intriguing celebrities, Zelda Sayre – later known as the wife of F. Scott Fitzgerald. If the names are familiar to you, it’s probably because the couple were famous for their carefree hedonism in the 1920s, have become synonymous with the brilliance of the jazz era, and their turbulent relationship and lifestyle. inspired most of Fitzgerald’s writings (including Gatsby the magnificent).

Zelda: a biography details Zelda’s southern upbringing, her passionate relationship with Fitzgerald, and the tortuous tension between her immense gift for writing, art, and creativity, against the thrust of her husband’s burgeoning career.

zelda non-fiction
Photo: Amazon

Farewell to Manzanar – James D. Houston and Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston (1973)

A memoir published in 1973 by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston, Farewell to Manzanar details the devastating experiences of author Jeanne Wakatsuki and her family before, during, and after their move to Manzanar Concentration Camp, where the United States government forcibly displaced and incarcerated Japanese Americans during the Second World War. An episode in history that is notoriously overlooked.

farewell to manzanar non fiction
Photo: Amazon

Anarchy, State and Utopia – Robert Nozick (1974)

Considered one of the most influential books on political philosophy after WWII and winning the 1974 National Book Award, Anarchy, State and Utopia details a defense of minarchist libertarianism, discussions of rights theory, distributions of justice, morality, and the state, a framework for utopia, and more. The book emerged from a course taught at Harvard by author and fellow American political philosopher Michael Walzer, at Harvard University, titled “Capitalism and Socialism” – where Nozick represented the arguments of Anarchy, State and Utopia, and Walzer represented the side of “complex equality”.

Anarchic state and utopia

The Message in the Bottle: What is the queer man like, what is the queer language like, and what one has to do with the other – Walker Percy (1975)

The message in the bottle is a collection of non-fiction essays on semiotics that explore the dominant ideologies emerging from the late modern era: Judeo-Christian values ​​and self-determination versus the rationalism of science. The collection of essays often mixes linguistics, existentialism, theology, anthropology, and literary criticism, raising pertinent philosophical questions that will challenge the reader to question their own beliefs and values ​​about how we operate in the world.

message in a non-fiction bottle
Photo: Amazon

Another Day of Life – Ryszard KapuÅ›ciÅ„ski (1976)

Originally from Poland, but famous for his extensive reporting across Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Ryszard KapuÅ›ciÅ„ski’s work is one of the most compelling examples of cohesive and engaging war reporting in the 20th century. . Another day of life follows the journalist to Angola during the Angolan civil war, which began in 1975 from Angola’s independence from Portugal in 2002. The book details the fall of the capital Luanda and an exhibition on the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Portugal. Angola (MPLA) which presided over as the de facto government during the war.

non-fiction another day of life
Photo: Penguin

Love Speech – Roland Barthes (1977)

Described by the Washington Post Book World as: “Perhaps the most detailed and careful anatomy of desire that we are likely to see or need again… All readers will find something they recognize in Barthes’ recreation of the feverish consciousness of the lover: the book is an ecstatic celebration of love and language and… readers interested in one or both… will enjoy savoring its rich, dark delicacies ”, Roland Barthes Love speech is a fascinating meditation on the lexicon of love.

roland barthe
Photo: Penguin

Dragons of Eden – Carl Sagan (1977)

Renowned American astronomer Carl Sagan’s The Dragons of Eden is a Pulitzer Prize-winning, non-fictional book on the mechanisms of human intelligence evolution. Combining the fields of anthropology, evolutionary biology, psychology and computer science, the thesis of the book revolves around a statement made in a previous lecture by Sagan, “[wherein] the mind … [is] a consequence of its anatomy and physiology and nothing more.

the amazon dragons
Photo: Amazon

The Good Things – Tom Wolfe (1979)

While he later found success in fiction with Bonfire of vanities, Tom Wolfe’s beginnings were in journalism – in particular, New Journalism: a style of writing that incorporated literary techniques. Good things emerged from Wolfe’s fascination with astronauts after being entrusted with the coverage of the launch of NASA’s last lunar mission, Apollo 17, in 1972. The non-fiction book follows the context of the ‘race to the sky’. ‘space’ and post-war American research with experimental rockets, high-speed aircraft, as well as to deepen the selection of the first astronauts of the NASA Mercury Project.

non-fiction tom wolfe
Photo: Penguin


]]>
https://willtoexist.com/the-best-non-fiction-books-of-the-1970s/feed/ 0
Gabriela Hearst ushers in a new era at Chloé https://willtoexist.com/gabriela-hearst-ushers-in-a-new-era-at-chloe/ https://willtoexist.com/gabriela-hearst-ushers-in-a-new-era-at-chloe/#respond Wed, 30 Jun 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/gabriela-hearst-ushers-in-a-new-era-at-chloe/ She tells me that she sees the Gabriela Hearst line as Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war – a more cerebral femininity; clothing for women who run businesses – while Chloe is Aphrodite, the goddess of love, more sensual, younger power. Introducing Bellini, she produced a 92-page picture booklet with a Venn diagram […]]]>


She tells me that she sees the Gabriela Hearst line as Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war – a more cerebral femininity; clothing for women who run businesses – while Chloe is Aphrodite, the goddess of love, more sensual, younger power. Introducing Bellini, she produced a 92-page picture booklet with a Venn diagram indicating where the two houses would overlap in concepts, including “Handcrafted”, “Durability”, “Wholehearted” and “For finality”. But it also articulates clear stylistic differences. “You’ll never see a woman Gabriela Hearst in sweatpants at the airport,” she tells me. You will never see the scallop, a key element of Chloé’s stylistic DNA, at Gabriela Hearst. The hems for Gabriela Hearst will never go above the knee; Chloe’s will. Looks like the mythical Chloe girl is growing up. “To me, this is a Chloe woman,” Hearst says, although she wants Chloe to keep her spirit young. She is inspired by her 13-year-old daughters and 80-year-old friends. “As women, sometimes we want to feel younger, sometimes we want to feel older,” she says. “What we never want to feel is boring.”

Now, she aims to apply the sustainability approach from her own tiny house to Chloe’s much larger one. “To do it successfully, for me, will mean having a luxury brand on a much higher scale in volume than Gabriela Hearst,” she says. “It’s a very ambitious goal but something that wakes me up every morning to want to do this job.

For all of Hearst’s motivation, however, the most important thing in her life is not fashion but family and friends. His commitment to sustainability comes from a place of righteous anger. She tells me about a trip she took in 2017 to Turkana, northern Kenya, with Save the Children, a charity that she and Austin support, where she saw malnourished children and women. who had to walk for miles to fetch water. “It was exasperating to think that families today have to choose between migration and starvation,” she said. “We cannot allow this as a species,” she continues, nor accept it “as a businessman, as a woman, as a mother”.

The house has a long tradition of strong female designers, with the notable exception of Lagerfeld, who paved the way for Chloe with softly feminine dresses before leaving for Chanel in 1983, and Paulo Melim Andersson, who briefly ran the house. after Philo. Under McCartney, it became the French house of choice for the merry flirtation of the late ’90s; Philo, who took over in 2001, practically defined the boho-glam look of his time. More recently, Creative Directors Clare Waight Keller and Natacha Ramsay-Levi have produced well-received collections. With Hearst, however, Chloe is telegraphing a new focus on stocks as much as trends – or at least signaling that stocks are the latest trend. Today’s Chloe woman has different priorities. Bringing Hearst here is “very courageous”, declares Olivier Gabet, director of the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. “She’s less known to the public, but she has the courage and the vision to bring Chloe back to what made her strong in the ’60s and’ 70s.”

The house was founded in 1952 by another Gaby: Gaby Aghion, a dynamic entrepreneur from a Greek-Italian Jewish family who, with her husband Raymond, left her native Alexandria, Egypt, after World War II. In Paris, Aghion and Raymond, gallery owner and anti-fascist activist, frequent cafes and intellectual circles on the left bank. (Their son, Philippe Aghion, is a world-class economist known for his theories on how creative destruction can lead to economic growth.) Aghion didn’t need to work but saw a gap in the market between haute couture and bespoke tailoring and began designing cool cotton dresses that reminded her of her home – the pink and beige of Egyptian sand, which she said “smells like silk in your hands” – and selling to own brand stores. This is how high-end ready-to-wear was born. Chloe has always been “very feminine, very sensual, chic, very intelligent,” says Gabet. And while Chloé was born at the height of French existentialism, he says, “now it’s a question of environmentalism.”

Born Gabriela Perezutti Souza in 1976, Hearst is the fifth generation of her family raised in Uruguay. His father’s family emigrated from northern Italy, his mother’s from Portugal via the Azores and Brazil. Her mother, Sonia, still lives in Uruguay, off-grid, on a solar-powered ranch. (Family snapshots of Hearst as a daughter with her mother on horseback sometimes appear on Gabriela Hearst’s Instagram account.) Hearst is the oldest of four children. For the first year, she was sent to Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, to live with her grandmother and attend the chic British School. “It was pre-globalization,” Hearst says of his childhood. “We didn’t have cable TV until we were 15. From the start, she knew she would leave. “It was very predictable, my future, if I didn’t make changes,” she told me. “You would marry someone from a similar background, you would send your children to the same school, you would become a member of the lawn tennis club. “

She wanted more. She spent a year in high school in Australia, returned to Uruguay to study communication, tried her hand at modeling in Paris and Milan, then moved to New York to study theater at the Neighborhood Playhouse, the Meisner technique. “It’s about playing with honesty,” she said. Although excellent training, it was not for her. “I wasn’t very good at taking the lead,” she says. She worked as a waitress and in a retail showroom. In 2003, in Brooklyn, she launched her first clothing line, Candela, screen-printed T-shirts. The first represents a winged woman riding a horse, inspired by her mother.

Akech exudes cheerful sophistication in an electric knit dress. Chloé dress and mules.

Photographed by Zoë Ghertner, Vogue, August 2021


]]>
https://willtoexist.com/gabriela-hearst-ushers-in-a-new-era-at-chloe/feed/ 0
Uber-Hack Christopher Rufo reinforces Jordan Peterson’s Bête Noire cultural Marxism, renames it Critical Race Theory, and thus perpetuates an anti-Semitic theme – Slog https://willtoexist.com/uber-hack-christopher-rufo-reinforces-jordan-petersons-bete-noire-cultural-marxism-renames-it-critical-race-theory-and-thus-perpetuates-an-anti-semitic-theme-slog/ https://willtoexist.com/uber-hack-christopher-rufo-reinforces-jordan-petersons-bete-noire-cultural-marxism-renames-it-critical-race-theory-and-thus-perpetuates-an-anti-semitic-theme-slog/#respond Mon, 21 Jun 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/uber-hack-christopher-rufo-reinforces-jordan-petersons-bete-noire-cultural-marxism-renames-it-critical-race-theory-and-thus-perpetuates-an-anti-semitic-theme-slog/ “So Columbus discovered America. We have to believe him again.” Leonture /France.com It basically boils down to this: Jordan peterson, the Canadian He-Man eater of raw red meat himself, re-boiled that old piece of cabbage that he called cultural Marxism. It is essentially an attack on the Frankfurt Schoolthe influence of what can generally be […]]]>


“So Columbus discovered America. We have to believe him again.” Leonture /France.com

It basically boils down to this: Jordan peterson, the Canadian He-Man eater of raw red meat himself, re-boiled that old piece of cabbage that he called cultural Marxism. It is essentially an attack on the Frankfurt Schoolthe influence of what can generally be described as the rise of cultural studies at the end of the twentieth century in academic programs concerning literature, cinema, sociology, anthropology and politics. What the members of the Frankfurt School initiated during the Weimar Republic was the isolation of a branch of philosophy that has come to be known as critical theory. (Can you already see the missing word in Christophe Rufois now popular?)

A major influence on this movement of philosophical thought was, of course, Karl Marx, an economist who criticized the operations and ontology of 19th century capitalism in his key works. However, the founding and most prominent members of the Frankfurt School were left-wing Jewish intellectuals: Max Horkheimer (the father), Theodor W. Adorno (the son), and Walter Benjamin (the Holy Spirit). There was also Erich Fromm, Friedrich Pollock and Leo Löwenthal.

One of the main members was a philosopher who started out marxing Marxist economics with Heideggerian existentialism, Herbert Marcuse. He fled Nazi Germany because of his Jewish heritage and radical politics. (The Nazis threw the International Socialists and Communists into their death camps.) After World War II, the Cold War took shape in the United States as a pronounced attack on the perceived threat of unrepentant left-wing Jews. There was indeed a time in the United States when being a Jew and a Communist were considered one and the same. This kind of association was tolerated in the Red 1930s, but not in the McCarthy 1950s. If this is kept in mind, it won’t be hard to see why the only American Communists ever fried (or executed, to put it mildly) by the American government were Jews, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.

It’s also not hard to see why Christopher Rufo (and please stop hitting me on Twitter) successfully boiled Jordan Peterson’s Boiled Cabbage as a Critical Breed Theory, which , at first glance, means that racism is systemic in the United States. .

Of New Yorkerrecent history of by Rufo:

If people were upset with the seminars, Rufo wanted them to notice the “critical race theory” operating behind the curtain as well. Following the path taken through citations from jurists’ texts, Rufo thought he could detect the germ of their ideas in radical, often explicitly Marxist, critical theory texts of the 1968 generation (Crenshaw said that) it was a ‘red bait’ account of the origins of critical breed theory, which overlooked less conflicting influences such as Martin Luther King, Jr.) But Rufo believed he could detect just one. lineage, and that the same concepts and terms the employees of the city of Seattle, or the anti-racist seminars of the Sandia National Laboratories, were present half a century ago. “Look at Angela Davis, you see all the key terms,” Rufo said. Davis had been Herbert Marcuse’s doctoral student, and Rufo had read his writings from the late sixties to the mid-seventies.

The Angela Davis / Herbert Marcuse connection is pure Peterson. And it also recalls one of the key descriptions of cultural Marxism, which is even on Wikipedia: “It is a far-right anti-Semitic conspiracy theory that claims Western Marxism as the basis of continuing academic and intellectual efforts to subvert Western culture.”

Critical race theory picks up where cultural Marxism left off. This brings us directly back to the racist imagery of troublemaking Jews hating Europeans. It was this reading of Jewish intellectual culture that forced the Frankfurt school to flee Germany in the early 1930s and settle in New York. But now all this bad Jewish thought, which has taken hold in the United States, has been injected into academia through black scholars, whose queen is Angela Davis. It’s your poisonous Rufo, a Seattle product.

Sponsored



]]>
https://willtoexist.com/uber-hack-christopher-rufo-reinforces-jordan-petersons-bete-noire-cultural-marxism-renames-it-critical-race-theory-and-thus-perpetuates-an-anti-semitic-theme-slog/feed/ 0
How Calder pierced Albert Einstein and Sartre – the forward https://willtoexist.com/how-calder-pierced-albert-einstein-and-sartre-the-forward/ https://willtoexist.com/how-calder-pierced-albert-einstein-and-sartre-the-forward/#respond Tue, 06 Apr 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/how-calder-pierced-albert-einstein-and-sartre-the-forward/ As a teenager, I often confused the work of Alexander Calder with that of Joan Miró and sometimes even of Picasso. Bold, playful and abstract, the sculpture of these three art giants appeared to be interchangeable. Visits to the Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona and the Picasso Museum in Paris only seem to confirm Calder’s […]]]>


As a teenager, I often confused the work of Alexander Calder with that of Joan Miró and sometimes even of Picasso. Bold, playful and abstract, the sculpture of these three art giants appeared to be interchangeable. Visits to the Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona and the Picasso Museum in Paris only seem to confirm Calder’s European influences, although the darker elements at play in their work seem absent from his. Being introduced to lion tamers and wire acrobats in his “Circus Calder” several years ago in the lobby of the Whitney Museum in New York, at the time in the brutalist building of Marcel Breuer, reinforced this European link. It also reminded me of another: Calder’s huge red “Flamingo” in front of Mies Van der Rhoe’s Kluczynski Federal Building in Chicago.

Then I found out that after leaving his first life in the village of Greenwich, Alexander Calder (“Sandy” for his friends) had lived up the road from me in Connecticut. The plot thickens. It was only last year that I learned of Calder’s European pedigree, not only in terms of his Romanian Jewish mother and Scottish paternal grandfather, but also his chance meeting of his future wife, Louisa James. , on the bridge of the “De Grasse,” during a return trip from Paris in June 1929. Whether she is the great-niece of the Anglophile author, Henry James is even more intriguing. Upon closer examination, Calder’s somewhat nomadic childhood had played out like one of James’ novels. Although he had moved from Philadelphia to Arizona, California, New York and back, Calder’s singular constant had been a love of DIY, making wire jewelry, and making toys for children. dolls of his sister. Graduated in mechanical engineering, he then took courses at the Art Students League in New York, but it was in Paris that he gravitated in 1926.

By enrolling at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Calder positions himself at the epicenter of avant-garde bohemian artistic life, where Modigliani died a few years earlier and where Chagall is one of the many artists to be seen. a comeback after the First World War. Hanging out with philosophers, writers, artists, sculptors, musicians and artists from the Montparnasse district, Calder deepened his interest in yarn as a medium, this time creating figures and resemblances. He integrated portrait and sculpture, the respective occupations of his mother and father. Farm animals, circus characters and famous people like Joséphine Baker and Kiki de Montparnasse become his subjects. By hanging and balancing these shapes, even using some in narrated performances, Calder freed them from mounted frames and display plinths, which would have been typical of the era. Currently, many of them are also the focus of one of three MoMA galleries including “Alexander Calder: Modern From the Start”. The two remaining galleries and the Sculpture Garden mainly display his more familiar and larger-scale works.

As Calder’s subject grew, so did his materials and desire for movement. He met the Catalan artist Joan Miró, also residing in Montparnasse, a year later. They have become longtime friends and admirers of each other’s work. Pablo Picasso attended Calder’s first non-objective sculpture exhibition in 1931 at the Galerie Percier in Paris. Fernand Léger wrote the preface to his catalog. Marcel Duchamp coined the now ubiquitous term “mobiles” for Calder’s kinetic sculptures, Jean Arp attributed the “stabiles” to his fixed ones. A visit to Piet Mondrian’s neighboring studio in 1930 would have given Calder “the shock that converted him” to abstraction. Observing the placement of the orthogonal canvases in Mondrian’s studio, Calder recognized that the whole environment had become the art itself. He remarked, “It was difficult to see ‘art’ because it was all part of art. Then came her Eureka moment: “Maybe it would be fun to make those rectangles wobble.” A new genre had arrived.

After MoMA acquired Calder’s “A Universe” in 1934 and commissioned “Lobster Trap and Fish Tail” five years later for its new building, the museum organized Calder’s mid-career retrospective in 1943. Although Calder gradually moved towards larger works, he had found his theme: “At that time and virtually since, the underlying form of my work has been the system of the universe.” When “A Universe” was first exhibited at the Museum, Albert Einstein reportedly stood “frozen in front of his slowly moving orbs for the entire forty-minute cycle”.

Due to the practical considerations of WWII, Calder made a series of smaller sculptures with more economical materials in 1945. Lovers of the portability of these “Constellations” in wire and wood, Marcel Duchamp convinced Calder to take them apart. and send them to Paris. An exhibition of the pieces gathered at the Galerie Louis Carré, a year later, with an essay by Jean-Paul Sartre, and visited by Henri Matisse, effectively revived Calder on the European and world scene after the war.

In love too, it seemed that his art was inseparable from its hectic environment. The couple married in 1931, bought a farm in Roxbury, Connecticut, raised two daughters, and then acquired a studio in the village of Saché, southwest of Paris. The two houses were often a whirlwind of European artists where dance was very present and where friendships were formed and strengthened. Positive stories abound about Calder’s gregarious nature – the warm couple welcomed European exiles during the war, befriended those they had already met in Europe and even those they did not have. not encountered, such as cartoonist Saul Steinberg. Jed Perl, the author of a two-volume biography of Calder, spoke of the “extraordinary gift of friendship from the couple who have crossed continents and oceans.” He also noted that “we see globalism as a new invention and yet, at least among artists, globalism has been around forever”.

It was Jean-Paul Sartre who declared: “One of Calder’s objects is like the sea, always starting over, always new. It is the memory of this ship’s journey to and from Paris almost a century ago that continues to inspire rightly. In these days of wanderlust, when traveling in one’s own universe has become almost as cumbersome as it was in those early days, we are grateful to MoMA for putting so much of Calder’s work online. Through the two portals, real and virtual, one can gain a deeper understanding of the early management of Calder by MoMA, whose innovative sculpture attractively rises with modernist European existentialism. Fortunately, its mobiles and stabiles, located across the world, have become more accessible thanks to social media and digital technology, eliminating the need to board an ocean liner and navigate these difficult waters. Potential romantic encounters notwithstanding.

Alexander Calder: Modern From the Start is currently playing at MoMA through August 7..

Sarah Balcombe is an architect, artist and founding editor of the art blog www.manhattanmodernist.com. His works can be viewed at www.sarahbalcombe.com.


]]>
https://willtoexist.com/how-calder-pierced-albert-einstein-and-sartre-the-forward/feed/ 0
Marshall program selects Hamilton’s Palmer ’18 for coveted scholarship – News https://willtoexist.com/marshall-program-selects-hamiltons-palmer-18-for-coveted-scholarship-news/ https://willtoexist.com/marshall-program-selects-hamiltons-palmer-18-for-coveted-scholarship-news/#respond Mon, 07 Dec 2020 08:00:00 +0000 https://willtoexist.com/marshall-program-selects-hamiltons-palmer-18-for-coveted-scholarship-news/ Marquis Palmer grew up less than 10 miles from the Hamilton College campus in an environment where poverty rates were high and expectations often low. Now Palmer, a 2018 Hamilton graduate from Utica, NY, has been selected to receive a Marshall scholarship, one of the most competitive and prestigious graduate scholarships awarded to US citizens. […]]]>


Marquis Palmer grew up less than 10 miles from the Hamilton College campus in an environment where poverty rates were high and expectations often low. Now Palmer, a 2018 Hamilton graduate from Utica, NY, has been selected to receive a Marshall scholarship, one of the most competitive and prestigious graduate scholarships awarded to US citizens.

Marquis Palmer is congratulated by Philosophy Professor Todd Franklin after Palmer received the James Soper Merrill Award during Class & Charter Day in 2018.

“I haven’t known a person who has come so far, so fast, so well,” said Rick Werner, professor of philosophy emeritus. Mentor and philosophy professor Todd Franklin added, “I have never worked with a student of the caliber of Marquis Palmer; I have no doubts that he will rise far beyond me – and as he does, I will be counting my lucky stars for having had the opportunity to glimpse him during the early stages of his ascension.

Palmer would earn two degrees in two years at two different UK institutions: a Master of Science in Political Thought from the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London and a Master of Philosophy in Criminology from the University of Cambridge.

“[M]y Marshall Scholarship, ”said Palmer,“ will allow me to connect with racial justice advocates in England, with whom I hope to engage in a mutually beneficial exchange of ideas, experiences, expertise and strategies that can help both UK and UK. The United States truly embodies our shared values ​​of freedom and equality.

The interests flowed from Palmer’s education and his studies in Hamilton.

Marquis Palmer
For his project Emerson 2017, Marquis Palmer ’18 filmed a short documentary, based in his hometown of Utica, about the experience of losing a loved one to the prison system.

Growing up in Utica, NY

“Growing up, I witnessed the incarceration of so many loved ones, including my father,” Palmer said. “I saw my mom clocking an eight-hour shift just to clock another – and still barely making enough to support our family of eight. I have seen the trauma of poverty open the way for drug addiction, then criminalization or death – but barely treatment – of my loved ones. And by my stepfather, whom ICE held under [President] Obama and deported under [President] Trump, I learned of the systemic disadvantages facing immigrant communities in this country. “

“[T]These struggles almost guaranteed me a bleak future, ”Palmer said, but local community organizations such as Occupy Utica, Mohawk Valley Junior Frontiers and On Point for College have helped him“ shift my focus to education and l ‘community activism’.

During her senior year at Thomas R. Proctor High School in Utica, Palmer approached Phyllis Breland, who at the time was Hamilton’s Director of Opportunities Programs, to discuss her interest in attending college. She immediately recognized “a diamond for all to see”.

Marquis Palmer '18 with Phyllis Breland
Marquis Palmer ’18 with Phyllis Breland ’80, former Director of Opportunities Programs.

“In my 19 years as Director of Opportunities Programs at Hamilton College,” Breland wrote in his recommendation to the Marshall Scholarship Selection Committee, “I have witnessed many successes, but never with consistency , focus, motivation and achievements accumulated as a marquess. The story of Marquis is a testament to what some say is the impossible. Marquis came from a low income family in Utica, New York. His family’s early interaction with the criminal and judicial systems could have engulfed him in anger…. Instead, Marquis chose civic engagement, community collaboration, and being a productive member of society as his voice.

“His life served as a preparation for his passion,” added Breland.

Palmer said of his relationship with Breland: “[H]His support and confidence in me… kept me spending all my time in Hamilton and made it next to impossible to do anything other than be successful.

Like most influential leaders, Marquis leads by example. Whether putting pressure on those in power for answers, building and forming coalitions or organizing peaceful protests, Marquis has always stepped forward and committed to the service of justice. social.

Undergraduate years in Hamilton

Palmer excelled in Hamilton academically, socially, and as a student leader. A philosophy graduate, he received a grant from the Emerson Foundation in 2015 to examine the Black Lives Matter movement from what he called “the perspective of anarchist political philosophy,” and a second Emerson grant in 2017 which used the video to explore the loss of a family member to incarceration.

“Both experiences reinforced my desire to delve deeper into political theory and criminology in the hope of finding something that can help us emerge from the racial crisis – in and outside of criminal justice – which has been plaguing ever since. a long time in our country. The Marshall Fellowship is an exciting next step on this intellectual journey. “

As an undergraduate student, Palmer served as a tutor at the Writing Center, teaching assistant in the literature and philosophy departments, class representative in the Students’ Assembly, an officer in the Union of Black Students. and Latino and founder of the Hamilton Philanthropy Committee Young Civic Leader Scholarship for Local High School Students.

“Although Marquis shines brightly academically,” Franklin said, “he shines perhaps the most in terms of leadership. Like most influential leaders, Marquis sets an example. From putting pressure on those in power for answers, to create and form coalitions or organize peaceful demonstrations, Marquis has always stepped forward and committed to the service of social justice.

Palmer spent his first year studying philosophy and literature at the University of Oxford in the UK, where his professor of existentialism called him “the brightest student” who “consistently delivers almost perfectly argued articles and very deeply enlightening who display a powerful independent voice, very critical. thought, very sophisticated reasoning and very original erudition.

James Soper Merrill Award recipient Marquis Palmer ’18 speaks at the launch.

Elected to Phi Beta Kappa, the country’s oldest honorary academic society, Palmer received the 2018 James Soper Merrill Award of Hamilton, awarded to the member of the class “who by his character and influence embodied the highest ideals. high school students. “He received a Thomas J. Watson Fellowship in 2018, which he used to explore skateboarding as a tool for community activism in Germany, Brazil, South Africa, Mozambique and Greece. He also received a Fulbright English Teaching Assistantship in the Czech Republic, but chose the Watson, and in 2019 was selected Student Star and Student Lecturer for On Point for College, a local non-profit organization that helps first-generation youth to attend the University Since completing his Watson Fellowship, Palmer has worked as a researcher and investigator with Brooklyn Defender Services.

“While I’ve known individual students with some of Marquis’s talents, I don’t think I’ve known students with all of his talents together like him,” Werner said. “It is a work of art – style, grace and beauty.”

Marquis Palmer '18 and Rick Werner
Marquis Palmer ’18 with Philosophy Professor Rick Werner.

Marshall scholarship

Created by the British Parliament in 1953 in appreciation for the United States’ creation of the Marshall Plan, an American aid program for Western Europe after the ravages of World War II. Up to 50 young top Americans are selected each year for postgraduate study at an institution in the UK. The Marshall Fellowship was modeled after the equally competitive Rhodes Fellowship program, which was established in 1902. Applicants are assessed on the basis of academic merit, leadership potential, and ambassadorial potential.

Palmer is the third Hamilton graduate selected for the prestigious scholarship. It follows John Hewko ’79, secretary general and managing director of Rotary International who was a Marshall Fellow at the University of Oxford from 1979 to 1981, and Scott Gwara ’84, professor of English language and literature at the University of Carolina from the South who studied at Cambridge University from 1984 to 1986.

Previous Marshall Scholarship winners have included Supreme Court justices, members of Congress, business CEOs, college and university presidents and deans, Pulitzer Prize-winning authors, MacArthur Genius Prize winners , a Nobel laureate and an astronaut.


]]>
https://willtoexist.com/marshall-program-selects-hamiltons-palmer-18-for-coveted-scholarship-news/feed/ 0